Do you know the classification Indica? Although not as widespread as Sativa, it is still one of the best known species. Seedbanks and Grower distinguish between other hemp varieties such as “Ruderalis” or “Hybrids”, whereby the distinguishing features are usually the smell, the effect and the characteristics when growing.
The Indian Cannabis Indica is a member of the hemp family. Whether the Indian hemp is its own species or a subspecies of Sativa, is controversial.
everything at a glance:
Home: India, East Asia, India, Nepal, Tibet Pakistan and Afghanistan
Size: about 2 meters
Appearance: rather dark green, shorter and compact
Flowering time: 6-9 weeks
- typical stoned feeling
Everything in detail
Experts assume that all varieties of Indian hemp originate from one and the same original form.
The Cannabis Indica probably originates from the second century B.C., from India. It is assumed that it spread rapidly to Asia, Egypt and Persia. Indica also probably spread rapidly to Morocco, Afghanistan, Lebanon and the mountains, valleys and plateaus of Nepal.
In China, Russia and Burma there are subspecies of the Cannabis Indica, which developed a short flowering time due to regional climatic conditions. Indica and all cannabis varieties in general have adapted to their environment and living conditions over the years. Generally assimilated, so Cannabis Indica adapts to its environment faster than Cannabis Sativa.
The species Cannabis Sativa differs in origin and history from Indian hemp and therefore also in genetics and appearance. It grows longer and more elongated than Cannabis Indica.
Appearance of Cannabis Indica
The typical Indica plant is more compact and bushy, with thicker stems than Cannabis Sativa, and usually grows about 2 metres tall. The leaves are generally dark green, some are almost dark blue. These leaves consist of short wide fingers.
Indica varieties tend to produce more lateral branches and grow more densely than the Sativas. This results in wider, bushier plants overall. The flowers are usually heavier than similarly large Sativa flowers because they are much denser.
Most Indica strains are rich in the cannabinoids THC, CBD and CBN. The Cannabis Sativa often has a high THC content, while the Cannabis Indica often has a high THC content of all three cannabinoids. Indicas tend to have a more body-directed effect than sativas. Experts often summarize these effects using the term “stoned”, as opposed to “high”, mediated by the Sativas, who have a more psychotropic effect.
People breed Indica varieties mostly for their medicinal properties. They are probably the most commonly used marijuana varieties for medicinal purposes.
Properties and cultivation
Of course, the numerous hybrids and subspecies that now exist of Cannabis Indica differ from each other. For pure Indica varieties, a growth phase of at least two to four weeks should be planned for indoor cultivation. The flowering period of Cannabis Indica lasts around 6-9 weeks.
There are countless seed producers in different qualities.
Each seed bank now breeds its own varieties. These can be new varieties or simpler, uncleanly selected crosses.
A cross between two purebred Cannabis Indica coming from two different parts of the world is often referred to as Kush. In most countries cannabis cultivation is still illegal, as in Germany, so seed producers have to produce quickly and can hardly smuggle hundreds of thousands of seeds from all over the world. All available varieties are therefore mostly propagated by inbreeding or simply by crossbreeding of two different gene pools.